Interest Rate Swap – (Interest Rate Swap - IRS)
Interest Rate Swap is a product with which the buyer exchanges the floating interest rate for a fixed rate, or vice versa, for a period over one year. Usually the principal amount is contracted (which is fixed and serves as a calculation base) for which the bank (buyer of the Interest Rate Swap) in certain period pays to the client floating (fixed) interest, and the client also periodically pays to the bank fixed (floating) interest.
In this way, the client turns the debt synthetically with a floating interest rate (for ex. 3М Euribor + margin) in fixed interest rate (IRS fixed interest rate + margin). The product may be adapted to fully suits the client’s loan, debt (depreciation, calculation intervals and so on).